Maḫbär et sänbäte: associations religieuses en Ethiopie

  • Stéphane Ancel
Keywords: History, Religion, Christianity, Maḫbär, Sänbäte,

Abstract

Faithful of the Ethiopian Orthodox Täwaḥǝdo Church gather sometimes into a religious association. We can distinguish two types of religious associations: the maḫbär and the sänbäte. These two types are organized on the same scheme and are led by the faithful themselves. Both are based on a fundamental concept, which is to gather faithful around a banquet for a commemoration. Maḫbär and sänbäte are a representation of a zǝkǝr, a crucial concept in the Ethiopian Christianity. The religious authority is shared by one priest who leads the liturgy of the ritual. The presence of a priest without an organizational role highlights the influence of the laymen to organize their own religious life outwards the cast-iron ecclesiastical organisation. The social and religious influence of these organizations is very important in towns and in the countryside. To be member of these associations is a sign of an important social status in the parish community and the reality of both maḫbär and sänbäte shows the existence of a way of dialogue
between the Church and the faithful.
Published online
2012-11-18
How to Cite
[1]
Ancel, S. 2005. Maḫbär et sänbäte: associations religieuses en Ethiopie Aethiopica 8 (2005) 95-111. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15460/aethiopica.8.1.327.
Section
Articles