Aethiopica https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica <p>‘Aethiopica. International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies’ is an internationally refereed academic journal. The journal focuses on philology, linguistics, archaeology, history, cultural anthropology, religion, philosophy, literature, and manuscript studies with a regional emphasis on Eritrea, Ethiopia, the Horn of Africa, and related areas.</p> Universität Hamburg, Hiob Ludolf Centre for Ethiopian Studies en-US Aethiopica 1430-1938 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/de/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://licensebuttons.net/l/by-nd/3.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/de/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License (CC BY-ND 3.0 DE)</a>.</p> Table of Contents https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1199 Table of Contents Editorial Team ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 3–5 3–5 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1199 Editorial https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1200 Editorial Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 6 6 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1200 Textual Commentary on the Ethiopic Text of Ezekiel 1–11 https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/962 <p>This article provides a textual commentary on the Gǝʿǝz text of Ezekiel 1–11 as edited by Michael Knibb in his recently published edition,<em> The Ethiopic Text of the Book of Ezekiel: a Critical Edition</em> (2015), and complements what is said in the introduction to the edition. It also serves to complement Knibb’s Schweich Lectures, <em>Translating the Bible: the Ethio-pic Version of the Old Testament</em> (1999). The textual notes are primarily concerned to provide a detailed comparison of the Ethiopic version with the underlying Greek text in the light also of the Hebrew text and of the Syriac and Syriac-based Arabic versions; to comment on the vocabulary used in the Ethiopic version of Ezekiel; and to discuss difficulties in the Ethiopic text. The notes demonstrate clearly the dependence of the Ethiopic text of Ezekiel on the Alexandrian text (the A-text), particularly the minuscule pair 106–410 and the minuscule 534, the close ally of 130, which has been regarded as the most closely related of the minuscules to the Ethiopic text of Ezekiel. They also provide evidence of the influence of the Syro-Arabic version on the text.</p> Michael Knibb ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 7–49 7–49 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.962 The Ethiopian Manuscripts in the Kulturhistorisk Museum, Oslo https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1056 The Kulturhistorisk museum in Oslo possesses a small collection of ten Ethiopic codices predominantly acquired in the mid1930s. Included among them are an illuminated fifteenth-century psalter (UEM36096) and a late-fifteenth/early-sixteenth century hagiographical manuscript (UEM35900). Ted Erho ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 50–69 50–69 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1056 Towards a Comparative Framework for Research on the Long Cycle in Ethiopic Gospels: Some Preliminary Observations https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/972 This article argues that it is possible to improve our understanding of Ethiopian manuscript illumination of the early Solomonic period by adopting a systematic comparative approach. It does so by presenting a case study which analyses and compares the iconography of two examples of the long cycle dating to the second half of the fourteenth century. This comparison shows how technical skills and artistic choices contributed to the shaping of Ethiopian manuscript illumination, and in doing so it sheds some light on the artistic practices of early Solomonic illuminators. Jacopo Gnisci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 70–105 70–105 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.972 Transfer of Knowledge in Twentieth-Century Muslim Ethiopia: The Library of al-Šayḫ al-Ḥāǧǧ Ḥabīb from Wällo https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1009 <p>Although Muslims in Ethiopia are a large part of the total population, nevertheless, their literary tradition and their cultural heritage have, until the present, hardly been studied by the academic community. The present article aims to shed light on the Islamic manuscript tradition in Ethiopia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by focus-ing on several codices owned by <em>al-Šayḫ</em> Ḥabīb, a renowned scholar and respected <em>walī</em> from Wällo, in north-eastern Ethiopia.</p> Adday Hernández López ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 106–128 106–128 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1009 Wars and Peasants in North Šäwa, Ethiopia (1855–1916) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/915 Conflicts and wars are associated with Ethiopian monarchs throughout history. It might be assumed that the presence of a monarch in a certain province within the country would assure peace and security. However, the opposite appears to be true for much of the history of Ethiopia. North Šäwa experienced a number of wars, conflicts, and predatory raids when its autonomy and relative peace was disrupted by its subjugation to Emperor Tewodros II in 1855. This was followed by Šäwan resistance, a time labelled as a ‘period of anarchy’ by Šäwan authors. The return of Mǝnilǝk from Mäqdäla to Šäwa in 1865 also caused confrontations among power contenders of Šäwa. The transitional period between the reigns of Emperor Mǝnilǝk and Emperor Ḫaylä Śǝllase was also characterized by similar uncertainties which reached their climax in 1916. In a time of relative peace, the autumn of 1895, Šäwan peasants were forced to feed thousands of soldiers from the southern regions of the country on their way to ʿAdwa. The Battle of Sägäle in October 1916 fought on Šäwan soil had a catastrophic impact on the life of local peasantry that forced the government to promise compensation and rehabilitation, a rare practice at that time. Moreover the region was affected by different forms of intermittent conflicts on religious and ethnic pretexts. Interand intraethnic conflicts arose for both economic and cultural reasons. The article attempts to analyse the impacts of the recurrent wars on the life of north Šäwan peasants from 1855 to 1916. Dechasa Abebe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 129–149 129–149 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.915 Bibliography of Ethiopian Semitic, Cushitic and Omotic Linguistics XX: 2016 https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1201 Bibliography of Ethiopian Semitic, Cushitic and Omotic Linguistics XX: 2016 Maria Bulakh Susanne Hummel Francesca Panini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 150–166 150–166 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1201 Three Collections of Gǝʿǝz Manuscripts Recently Surveyed in Italy: An Inventory https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1152 <p>The report aims to introduce three little known collections of Gǝʿǝz manuscripts hosted in the following Italian institutions: Castello d’Albertis, fondo Sapeto (Genoa), Biblioteca Giovardiana, fondo Quattrociocchi, and Monumento Nazionale Abbazia di Casamari (both in Veroli, Frosinone). The forty-two manuscripts (codices and scrolls) preserved in the three collections were surveyed, digitized and analysed through non-invasive techniques in the course of two fieldworks conducted in May 2015 and June–July 2017. The present article, conceived as a preliminary report to a more detailed catalogue currently under preparation, describes how the manuscript collections emerged and provides an introductory description of the textual content and the physical features of each item.</p> Antonella Brita Susanne Hummel Karsten Helmholz Massimo Villa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 167–189 167–189 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1152 Ms Ethiopic 4 of the Collection of the India Office: A strayed Manuscript of Gadla Lālibalā https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1095 <p>In all likelihood it was the German missionary Johann Ludwig Krapf who commissioned a manuscript with hagiographic texts about King Lālibalā in the first decade of the nineteenth century, in Šawā. This manuscript was eventually used by August Dillmann for his <em>Lexicon linguae aethiopicae</em> published in 1865. More than eighty years later, the manuscript was catalogued by Enrico Cerulli in 1946 and was later lost somewhere on one of the numerous shelves of the collection of the India Office. It has recently been traced and is now to be found in the British Library under the shelf mark Ms Ethiopic 4.</p> Nafisa Valieva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 190–201 190–201 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1095 Some Observations on the Construct Marker -a in Classical Ethiopic https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/994 <span style="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 11pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-bidi; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-bidi; mso-bidi-theme-font: major-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;" lang="EN-US">This contribution offers a discussion of the Classical Ethiopic use of the marker -a to indicate both the direct object and the construct state of nouns. Following a critical evaluation of the explanation of the phenomenon given by Josef Tropper, a few observations are made here which seem to lend support to the idea that the use of the marker in the construct state is in fact a generalization of the accusative ending.</span> Kasper Siegismund ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 202–209 202–209 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.994 A Part-of-Speech Tagset for Morphosyntactic Tagging of Amharic https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1142 <p>The aim of the article is to propose a tagset for the morposyntactic tagging of Amharic and to discuss those issues which may seem problematic. The tagset contains forty-seven tags grouped into twelve parts of speech. It is hoped that it provides a starting point for more exhaustive guidelines for prospective annotators.</p> Magdalena Krzyżanowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 210–235 210–235 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1142 In memoriam Heinrich Johannes Scholler (1929–2015) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1202 Obituary Bairu Tafla ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 236–244 236–244 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1202 In memoriam Didier Morin (1947–2016) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1146 Obituary Giorgio Banti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 245–255 245–255 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1146 In memoriam Richard Pankhurst (1927–2017) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1137 Obituary Shiferaw Bekele ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 256–263 256–263 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1137 Éloi Ficquet, Ahmed Hassen Omer, and Thomas Osmond, eds, Movements in Ethiopia: Ethiopia in Movement. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, I–II https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1135 Review Francesca Panini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 264–268 264–268 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1135 Paolo Nicelli, ed., L’Africa, l’Oriente mediterraneo e l’Europa. Tradizioni e culture a confronto https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1057 Review Denis Nosnitsin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 268–271 268–271 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1057 Alessandro Bausi, Alessandro Gori, and Gianfrancesco Lusini, eds, Linguistic, Oriental and Ethiopian Studies in Memory of Paolo Marrassini https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1087 Review Rainer Voigt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 271–276 271–276 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1087 Hatem Elliesie, ed., Multidisciplinary Views on the Horn of Africa. Festschrift in Honour of Rainer Voigt’s 70th Birthday https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1110 Review Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 276–280 276–280 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1110 Norbert Nebes, Der Tatenbericht des Yiṯaʿʾamar Watar bin Yakrubmalik aus Ṣirwāḥ (Jemen) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1052 Review Alessio Agostini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 281–284 281–284 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1052 Christian Robin, ed., Le judaïsme de l’Arabie antique. Actes du colloque de Jérusalem (février 2006) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1143 <p>Review</p> Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 284–287 284–287 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1143 Wolfgang Hahn and Vincent West, Sylloge of Aksumite Coins in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1101 Review Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 287–288 287–288 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1101 Judith S. McKenzie and Sir Francis Watson, The Garima Gospels: Early Illuminated Gospel Books from Ethiopia https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1089 Review Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 289–292 289–292 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1089 Meley Mulugetta,Ethiopian Church Archives Collection, I: Ethiopian Manuscripts Digital Library, Codices 1–213 https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1055 Review Denis Nosnitsin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 293–297 293–297 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1055 Ugo Zanetti, Saint Jean, higoumène de Scété (viie siècle). Vie arabe et épitomé éthiopien https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1088 <p>Review</p> Alessandro Bausi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 298–302 298–302 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1088 G. Colin, ed., tr., Vie et Miracles de Samuel de Waldebba https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1119 Review Vitagrazia Pisani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 302–307 302–307 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1119 Amsalu Tefera, The Ethiopian Homily on the Ark of the Covenant: Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of Dǝrsanä Ṣǝyon https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1058 Review Massimo Villa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 307–310 307–310 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1058 Girma Getahun, ed., tr., The Goǧǧam Chronicle, by Aläqa Täklä Iyäsus WaqǦera https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1109 <p>Review</p> Solomon Gebreyes ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 310–313 310–313 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1109 Keon-Sang An, An Ethiopian Reading of the Bible. Biblical Interpretation of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1086 <p>Review</p> Maija Priess ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 313–314 313–314 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1086 Alfredo González-Ruibal, An Archaeology of Resistance: Materiality and Time in an African Borderland https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1062 <p>Review</p> Alexander Meckelburg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 315–318 315–318 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1062 Lukian Prijaced., Les relations entre l’Éthiopie et les nations étrangères. Histoire humaine et diplomatique (des origines à nos jours). Foreign relations with Ethiopia. Human and diplomatic history (from its origins to present) https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1060 Review Stefan Brüne ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 318–320 318–320 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1060 Ian Campbell, The Massacre of Debre Libanos. Ethiopia 1937. The Story of One of Fascism’s Most Shocking Atrocities https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1090 <p>Review</p> Aram Mattioli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 320–323 320–323 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1090 Yirga Gelaw Woldeyes, Native Colonialism: Education and the Economy of Violence Against Traditions in Ethiopia https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1061 Review Hewan Semon Marye ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 323–327 323–327 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1061 Ulrich Braukämper, Afrika 1914–1918. Antikolonialer Widerstand jenseits der Weltkriegsfronten https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1138 Review Nicola Camilleri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 327–329 327–329 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1138 Maria S. Bulakh, Leonid E. Kogan, and Olga I. Romanova, eds, Jazyki mira. Semitskie jazyki. Efiosemitskie jazyki https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1092 Review Serge Frantsouzoff ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 329–335 329–335 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1092 Lutz Edzard ed., Arabic and Semitic Linguistics Contextualized. A Festschrift for Jan Retsö https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1085 <p>Review</p> Maria Bulakh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 335–337 335–337 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1085 From “Subject to Citizen”? History, Identity and Minority Citizenship: The Case of the Mao and Komo of Western Ethiopia https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1063 Dissertation abstract Alexander Meckelburg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 338–340 338–340 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1063 Ethiopian Abǝnnät Manuscripts: Organizational Structure, Language Use, and Orality https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1091 <p>Dissertation abstract</p> Gidena Mesfin Kebede ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 341–342 341–342 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1091 Building Faith: Ethiopian Art and Architecture during the Jesuit Interlude, 1557–1632 https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/1020 <p>This dissertation examines the relationship between royally-sponsored Roman Catholic and Ethiopian Orthodox art and architecture during the 1557 to 1632 Jesuit Ethiopian mission. The first part of the dissertation examines key religious and secular sites, demonstrating how these structures combined elements drawn from classicizing architectural treatises, the Portuguese <em>estilo chão</em>, and Ethiopian architecture. The second part of the project assesses the role of books, prints, and religious art as tools of conversion and as artistic models. In contrast to studies that posit that European visual culture supplanted the Ethiopian during the mission era, the dissertation argues that the period’s art and architecture demonstrates the Jesuit strategy of cultural accommodation, and that far from being apart from Ethiopian art history, it shares stylistic and iconographic hallmarks with the so-called “Gondärine style.” </p> Kristen Windmuller-Luna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 20 343–345 343–345 10.15460/aethiopica.20.1.1020